Reinstatement of Driver’s License Through Bankruptcy after Suspension

Reinstatement of Driver’s License Through Bankruptcy after Suspension

A TEXAS DRIVER’S LICENSE CAN BE SUSPENDED AS A RESULT OF AN ACCIDENT CAUSED BY A MOTORIST WHO HAS FAILED TO MAINTAIN LIABILITY INSURANCE AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT.

One method to get the suspension of a Texas Driver’s License lifted after suspension resulting from a liability judgment or the probability of a judgment being entered is to file a Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy.  I have successfully assisted numerous judgment debtors in lifting suspensions from their driver’s license for unsatisfied liability judgments entered as a result of no insurance at the time of a motor vehicle accident.

If you need to check the current status of your Texas Driver’s License you can click on the following link: Texas Department of Public Safety Driver License Division License Eligibility.  Please give me a call at (800) 867-1583 if you are considering bankruptcy in order to solve a license suspension or any other financial problem.

As always, any opinions expressed on this website are just that, opinions. Your individual situation might be different than outlined above, so it is probably best that you give me a call to discuss your individual situation. I pride myself on giving you the answers to your questions that are based on your individual circumstances.

Reaffirmation Agreements on vehicles in Chapter 7 Bankruptcies

Reaffirmation Agreements on vehicles in Chapter 7 Bankruptcies

YOUR VEHICLE IN A CHAPTER 7 BANKRUPTCY

A Debtor in a Chapter 7 bankruptcy has three options with respect to personal property that is financed. 

The creditor that is owed on a note secured by the financed personal property is referred to as a “secured” creditor. The property securing the note is known as collateral.

The Debtor can: 1) surrender the collateral and discharge the personal indebtedness;

2) redeem the collateral, which means to pay the indebtedness off; or

3) reaffirm the indebtedness.

To reaffirm the indebtedness on the collateral the Debtor signs what is known as a reaffirmation agreement with the creditor.

When the Debtor reaffirms a debt they are agreeing to retain the collateral and keep making payments.  Most importantly though the Debtor is waiving their discharge if they sign a reaffirmation.

That means that the Debtor remains personally liable for the debt.

So, if the Debtor later defaults after signing a reaffirmation agreement they can be held liable for any deficiency after the sale of the collateral.

A deficiency arises where the collateral sells for less than is owed to the creditor.

Reaffirmation agreements are to be seriously considered before signing and you should consult a bankruptcy attorney before signing one.

The Reaffirmation Agreement can be negotiated to change the original terms of the repayment obligation, but generally the agreement does not alter the initial terms of repayment.

The Debtor is obligated to file what is known as a Statement of Intent within thirty (30) days of the filing of a petition under Chapter 7 or on or before the date of the meeting of creditors, whichever is earlier. (11 U.S.C. Section 521(a)(2)(A)).

The Debtor must choose one of the three options previously discussed: 1) surrender; 2) redeem; or 3) reaffirm. 

If the collateral securing the note is a vehicle the Debtor must redeem the collateral or sign a reaffirmation agreement within 45 day of the meeting of creditors. (11 U.S.C. Section 521(a)(6).

Failure to redeem or reaffirm within the 45 days causes the following to occur: 1) the automatic stay is terminated; 2) the property is no longer property of the estate; and 3) the creditor may take whatever action that would be allowed under non-bankruptcy law, including the use of a contractual provision providing for default upon the filing of bankruptcy, commonly known as an “ipso facto clause.”  (11 U.S.C. Section 362(h)).

So, even if you are current on payments and you have failed to abide by the requirements of filing a Statement of Intent or to carry out the expressed intent to redeem or reaffirm, then the creditor can repossess the vehicle and look to the Debtor for any deficiency.

As always, any opinions expressed on this website are just that, opinions. So if you have a question regarding bankruptcy or debt relief, then please give me a call to discuss your individual situation.  Bankruptcy, as many other areas of the law are very case or fact specific.  I pride myself on giving you the answers to your questions that are based on your individual circumstances.

Negative Equity in Motor Vehicles

Negative Equity in Motor Vehicles

MOTOR VEHICLE NEGATIVE EQUITY AND BANKRUPTCY

Oftentimes when a person purchases a vehicle from a dealer they trade a vehicle for the purchase of the “new” one that has a debt owed against it.  If the debt owed on the traded vehicle is greater than what the dealer provides the purchaser in trade value, then this scenario is often referred to as “negative equity.”  This negative equity is often financed into the purchase of the new vehicle, so the debtor immediately owes the creditor more than the value of the new vehicle.

Under current Chapter 13 bankruptcy law a debtor is generally precluded from paying such car creditor less than what is owed on the vehicle, despite the fact that the vehicle may be worth less than what the creditor is owed.

When a debtor pays a car creditor less than what they are owed, this is known as “cram down.” For a greater explanation of this concept see the Newsletter entitled “Cram Down in Chapter 13.”

Although it is not a settled issue in all bankruptcy courts throughout the United States, the majority of bankruptcy courts have concluded that a debtor can cram down the negative equity in an automobile purchase, including most Texas courts.

See In Re Sanders, 377 B.R. 836 (Bankr. W.D. Tex. 2007) and In Re Brodowski, 391 B.R. 393 (Bankr. S.D. Tex 2008).

This ability to cram down negative equity created from vehicle trades can be very beneficial to a potential debtor in Chapter 13 cases.

If you would like to discuss this subject more, then please contact me at (903) 683-2018 or at (936) 225-1800.
As always, any opinions expressed on this website are just that, opinions. So if you have a question regarding bankruptcy or debt relief, then please give me a call to discuss your individual situation.  Bankruptcy, as many other areas of the law are very case or fact specific.  I pride myself on giving you the answers to your questions that are based on your individual circumstances.

 

Accessibility Close Menu
× Accessibility Menu CTRL+U